List Of Lost Cities Of The World
There are a great number of beautiful cities on our planate. The human race has been co-habiting in groups by populating cities since the beginning of human civilization. Some of those ancient cities are still there on the globe while most of them have lost their existence and become extinct. A city becomes “lost” when its inhabitants leave it to decay and move to another place. There can be a number of factors behind this migration such as war and natural disaster. Whatever the reason may be, but these extinct cities put an end to a civilization that flourished there for years. There are number of lost cities which are frozen in history and waiting to be excavated and discovered. While a number of these cities have really been rediscovered, others are still lying under the surface of earth. The following list contains names of the top ten lost cities in the world.
A volcanic eruption that took place around 1500 BC engulfed this beautiful city. It is said that the Minoan civilization always inhabited in this Bronze Age city. There are a number of remnants that speak of city’s liveliness and diversity. Some captivating staircases, elegant wall-paintings and ceramics have been discovered on the Greek island of Santorini. It is believed that he destructive eruption might have led large part of the island to sink under the sea.
The epic poems of Homer have made Troy a famous city. It once used to be a legendary city which is located in modern day Turkey. The city was best known for being the site of the Trojan War. This ancient city was impressively fortified. People used to consider this city as the myth until it was first excavated in the year of 1870.
The Hanging Gardens of Babylon are world-famous. These gardens are prominent symbol of this powerful kingdom. Though on one from the present generation witnessed the magnificence of this city with one’s own eyes, eminent historian Herodotus never forgets to mention this lost city it into the chronicles.
Angkor and its surroundings take pride in being the most recognized biggest pre-industrial city in the world. The capital city of Khmer empire, Angkor is famous for several things and one of them is its world-famous temple of Angkor Wat, which is considered to be the largest religious monument in on the earth.
Populated in 3,100 B.C., Memphis used to be the capital city of ancient Egypt. The city served as the administrative center of Egyptian civilization for hundreds of years before it was abandoned by its habitats. Memphis had an estimated population of more than 30,000 at the time of extinction.
The Mayan city of Tikal was once the capital city of a Mayan kingdom with a population of 90,000 people. It used to be a major city of the New World from 200-900 AD. The capital city of Mayan civilization once had 4,000 buildings and was strangely deserted in about 900 AD. Lush forest for engulfed the city for more than 1,000 years.
The inclusion of this city in the list maybe questionable as one can question if it was really lost. The city of Petra was annexed and taken into Roman rule in 103 AD. The city which was populated in the desert flourished magnificently until an earthquake annihilated the water system of the entire city.
This Roman city was destroyed in AD 79 after a powerful volcano Vesuvius erupted and engulfed the entire city. The city was buried under 60 feet of ash and rock. It had approximately 20,000 inhabitants at the time when it was destroyed. After the eruption, the ruins lasted there for 1,700 years before being accidentally rediscovered in the year of 1748.
Same as Egyptian and Mesopotamian civilizations the Indus Valley civilization is considered one of the earliest and most prominent civilizations on the earth. The Indus Valley civilization reached its apogee around 2000 BC. During the period of this civilization science, trade, crafts, writing, religion and agriculture witnessed unprecedented growth. Its ordered streets and drainage system tell how advance the city was.
10. Machu Picchu
There are number of lost cities in the world but perhaps none of them is as mysterious as Machu Picchu. The city was isolated near the Urubamba Valley in Peru. It was not until historian Hiram Bingham visited it in 1911 that it one saw the light of the day outside of the region. The city was modern and advanced. It was divided into many districts.