Profiling some seriously venomous snakes, the record of top 10 most venomous snakes has selected details about the ten most dangerous snakes found across the earth. Their venoms are toxic enough to cause severe physical injuries. Most of them generally keep away from humans but become quite aggressive when they sense danger approaching them. It has also been accounted that around 50,000 to 100,000 victims have been witnessed due to bites of venomous snakes. Browse through to identify the names that have been considered as the most venomous snakes.
Top Ten Most Venomous Snakes
Carry on with the reading to collect many more enthralling facts about the top ten most venomous snakes in the world.
1. Inland Taipan
Also notorious as the Fierce Snake or Small Scaled Snake, the Inland Taipan leads the chart of top 10 most dangerous snakes as it is the most toxic land snake known to the world. It is an inhabitant of Australia who is shy by nature and prefers to stay in cracks and clefts of rocky plains. Its venom is so very toxic that it can take the life of an adult human in a span of 45 minutes. It is has been found out that protease and Taipoxin are the enzymes responsible for its toxic venom. Small mammals, rodents and birds form a part of its diet.
2. Eastern Brown Snake
Popular for its violent behaviour and speed, throughout the globe, the Eastern Brown snake is dangerous enough to causes convulsion, dizziness, paralysis, renal failure, cardiac arrest and diarrhea with its venom. Hence its spit is considered to be the second most toxic among terrestrial reptiles. It mates during spring and lays a clutch of 10 to 40 eggs by spring’s end or early summer. When it takes the shape of a “S” with its mouth yawning out, one should be aware that it is ready to strike.
3. Black Mamba
The Black Mamba is not only one of the most venomous snakes but is also quite aggressive when threatened. A native to the savannas and rocky hills of southern and eastern Africa, the snake has been responsible for causing a great number of human casualties. It also has the tag of being the fastest land snake in the entire world. A single bite of it can cause respiratory arrest, nephrotoxicity, vomiting, shock, paralysis, coma and end of life. The Black Mamba breeds only once in a year during the spring season.
4. Tiger Snake
Causing 60-70 percent casualties from its bite, the Tiger Snake occupies the fourth position in the row of top 10 most venomous snakes. The snake is banded like a tiger and is a local to the southern part of Australia, Tasmania and the coastal islands of the continent. The Tiger Snake usually stays away from humans but becomes hostile when provoked. From fish, frogs, small birds to small mammals it devours on all types of animals. Coagulants, haemolysins, neurotoxins and myotoxins are the combination of its toxic venom.
5. Philippine Cobra
The Phillippine Cobra is the most dangerous snake among the Cobra species. They are found extensively around the northern Philippine. The sturdy, extremely venomous spitting cobra includes birds of prey, humans, mongoose and the king cobra as its predators. A potent postsynaptic neurotoxin is responsible for the formation of its venom which affects respiratory function causing respiratory paralysis and neurotoxicity when bitten. The Philippine Cobra is known to spit their venoms up to three meters.
6. Saw Scaled Viper
Saw Scaled Viper is a nocturnal noxious snake that prefers to hunt upon its prey during the twilight hours. It is a very ill tempered reptile who does not hesitate to attack its intruders as soon as it becomes aware of. It possesses venom that generates symptoms of soreness followed by swellings and bleedings. A drop in the heart rate and blood pressure along with vomiting and inflammation are other indications of its bite. Places like Africa, Pakistan, Middle East, Sri Lanka and India are homes to this type.
7. Belcher’s Sea Snake
Notorious as the most venomous snake in of elapid sea snake family, the Belcher’s Sea Snake is a paddle tailed, moderate sized sea snake. It is rarely found on land and that is the reason why it becomes a danger to fishermen. Generally it is not that aggressive and bites only when it is provoked or disturbed. It is basically found in the Indian Ocean, Australia, Timor Sea, Gulf of Thailand and Solomon Islands. It is as well known as the faint-banded sea snake or the Hydrophis belcheri.
8. Naja Mossambica
Naja Mossambica also called as the Mozambique Spitting Cobra is the most dangerous snake found in the Savanna region of Africa. Its venom is potent enough to cause tissue destruction and partial blindness. This species of cobra has been gifted with a special ability of spitting its venom from any position without even lifting its hood. An adult covers an average length of 90cm to 105cm and bears slate or olive grey colour.
9. Blue Krait
Found all over Indonesia and South East Asia, the Blue Krait is a member of the “Krait” family – a venomous elapid snake. The species is also known as the Malayan krait and grows to a length of 3.5 feet with a 16 cm long tail. The venom released by it is considered to be more dangerous than that of a common cobra and is potential enough to end a person’s life. Contrary to its name, a Blue Krait is actually white in colour with black broad bands all over. It is a nocturnal species that loves hunting at night.
10. Rattle Snake
Named after the rattle attached to the tail, Rattle Snakes can be categorised into 42 classes. They are extremely sensitive due to the presence of two pits under their nostrils for detection. They are also tremendously venomous and can be located in the grasslands, swamps, prairies, pine woods and forests of South and North America. It has also been reported that rattle snake bite has become the foremost cause of snakebite grievances across North America.