The complexity of the human mind is beyond its own understanding. Men and women have spent centuries trying to unravel the infinite mysteries of the human brain and yet there are aspects of our mind that still elude us. It is said that an average human being uses less than 1% of the capacity of his brain, that the true potential of the human mind is endless. However, apart from being our biggest strength the human mind is also our most fragile possession and therefore also our biggest weakness. This is what makes the mental disorders of today the worst possible affliction on mankind. Keep reading for the list of the top ten worst mental disorders.
Top Ten Mental Disorders
First off there is no single disorder that can be worse than the other, however some of them are more of an inconvenience and in certain cases a threat to individuals. Here are probably the worst mental health disorders known to mankind.
To put it simply, Schizophrenia is basically a complete loss of reality. The reason this syndrome tops our list of worst mental disorders is basically because it affects a large segment of the population and makes functioning in society close to impossible to all affected. A person suffering from the syndrome will exhibit fits paranoia, emotional instability, and obsession with media, false beliefs about their body, delusions of being powerful and famous, catatonia (complete inactivity) and visual and auditory hallucinations. Depending on the level of the disorder, individuals may or may not be able to live normally.
2. Dissociative Personality Disorder
More commonly referred to as multiple personality disorder, Dissociative Personality disorder has received a lot of media coverage, probably more than any other mental syndrome. Despite Hollywood’s portrayal of the syndrome it should be noted that most patients go on to lead normal lives. A Patient might have personalities anywhere from two to a hundred. In most cases the personalities are aware of each-other’s existence and often communicate however there might be cases where other personalities will hide their presence from one identity causing an amnesia-like episode.
3. Impulse Control Disorder
Just like the name suggests impulse control disorder is actually an individual’s inability to control his or her impulses. The impulses maybe something trivial like stealing things (kleptomania), compulsive gambling and compulsive shopping or something serious like pyromania, a compulsion to start fires, which can be extremely dangerous to the patient and the people around him or her. Extreme cases of ICD include Trichotillomania, a condition where the patient impulsively rips their own hair from their scalp. Autophagia, a condition where the patient starts to eat him/herself is another extreme case of ICD and can be extremely harmful to the patient.
4. Autism Spectrum Syndrome
Autism is actually a spectrum syndrome and is not the same for every person. Autism is actually a spectrum of disorders with a shared core of disorders. Patients afflicted with Autism exhibit problems with communication, social skills, empathy and flexibility. Patients also tend to avoid eye contact, don’t respond to facial expressions and display no interest in having a social life. They also tend to take things literally and don’t really get humour or sarcasm. Patients also exhibit an obsession with routine and express irritation when it is disturbed.
5. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
Contrary to popular belief OCD is not the urge to clean everything in sight. People afflicted with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder are constantly plagued with their rituals and obsessions. The rituals are usually an outlet for the patients to relieve their obsession related anxiety however some do it basically because they always feel a need to. Many OCD patients will exhibit an obsession with order (sequences, even numbers and optical symmetry) and exhibit anxiety when deprived from it. People suffering from this disorder are capable and usually do lead normal lives.
6. Specific Phobia
Phobias are probably the most common mental disorders but are still one of the worst mental illnesses known to man, thanks to their extremely detrimental impact on social functioning. Specific phobia refers to a fear of a certain objects or particular situations (fear of public speaking, fear of spiders or snakes). Basic symptoms of a phobia include, Panic and extreme nervousness, excessive sweating and elevation of heartbeat. Phobias are different from normal fear since they may become obsessive and sometime even manifest into paranoia.
Not much is known about Boanthropy apart from the fact that people affected from it suffer from delusional episodes where they think they are cattle. There have been recorded cases where people start behaving like a bovine animal, walking on all fours and even eating grass. It may be caused by hypnotism, suggestion or auto suggestion.
8. Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder restricts the diagnosed from concentrating on tasks and causes them to exhibit hyperactive nature. Individuals suffering from this disorder find it difficult to concentrate on any task and tend to develop a sudden interest in smell, sounds and sights surrounding them. Patients may also exhibit, constant fidgeting or squirming in their seats, inability to follow instruction and prone to daydreaming.
9. Antisocial personality Disorder
An adult who behaves violently, recklessly and disobeys rights of others is a person suffering from Antisocial Personality Disorder. Sometimes being shy or being an introvert is confused with antisocial behaviour which is completely false. People suffering from antisocial personality disorder will exhibit emotions but no empathy. Their inability to share others feelings make them prone to cheat or hurt those around them. Patients are more of a threat to those around them than they are to themselves,
Aboulomania can be simply described in three words paralysis by analyses. Patients suffering from this syndrome exhibit extensive lack of will power and are severely indecisive. An Aboulomania patient will exhibit all the signs of anxiety when faced with a choice which can be as simple as choosing dinner from a restaurant menu. They tend to over analyse any situation and may even go into depression and start to panic. This makes it extremely difficult for them to function socially.