Monsoon has played a significant role in creating some of the biggest rainforest across the globe. These forest areas are not only notable for their magnificent size, flora and fauna, but for the fact that it acts as the home for some of the native tribes and communities of the world. So without wasting time, let us scroll through these Top 10 biggest rainforests in the world and know a bit more about these natural habitats.
List of 10 Biggest Rainforests in the World
1. Amazon Rainforest
The Amazon Rainforest is the biggest rainforest in the world and is located in the Amazon Basin of South America. It is a moist broad-leaf forest which covers seven million square kilometres and is termed as the lungs of the world since it plays a vital role in stabilising the global climate. The region is the home to about 2.5 million insect’s species, tens of thousands of plants, and some 2,000 birds and mammals. The Amazon Rainforest is the sole source of food, lumber, medicine, and materials needed to live for many people.
2. Daintree Rainforest
This tropical Rainforest with an area of 2,600 Km Sq. is situated on the north east coast of Queensland, Australia along the Daintree River. The forest has been named after the renowned Australian geologist and photographer, Richard Daintree and has the coolest reef system. Daintree Rainforest shelters approximately 30% of the frogs, marsupial and reptile species plus 65% of bat and butterfly species, 12000 kind of insects and 18% bird species.
3. Sinharaja Forest
Sinharaja Forest is a hilly virgin rainforest which serves as a National Park and biodiversity hotspot in Sri Lanka. The reserve is only 21 km from east to west, and a treasure trove of endemic species which includes trees, insects, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals. It is said to be one of the top ten biggest rainforests in the world.
4. Monteverade Forest
Named after the nearby town of Monteverde, the Monteverde Forest Reserve consists of over 10,500 hectares of tropical green vegetation. About 2,500 plant species, 100 types of mammals, 400 bird varieties, 120 reptilian and amphibian species, and thousands of insects makes up the biodiversity and attracts scientists and tourists. It is also known as the virgin forest because of natural streams, springs, rivers, waterfalls, animals, medicinal herbs etc.
5. Southeast Asian
Southeast Asian rainforests are not pretty dense and are not simultaneously covered by tropical forests. The destruction of tropical forest is a matter of deep concern for endemic animals such as birds, mammals, amphibians and reptiles. These forests were thought to be the most bio diverse regions in the world but has given in to the crucial agony of industrialisation.
6. Tongass National Forest
Tongass National Forest is the largest National Forest in the United States with a land covering of 17 million acres. It takes into consideration the islands of the Alexander Archipelago, glaciers and peaks of the Coast Mountains, which allows various groups of animals and rare flora flourish. The area is also home to around 75,000 people from the Alaskan Native Tribes, who depends on the land for their livelihoods.
7. Kinabalu National Park
Covering an area of 754 square Km surrounding Mount Kinabalu, Kinabalu National Park is located on the west coast of Sabah, Malaysian Borneo. The park is one of the most popular tourist spots in Sabah and Malaysia in general. It is also an UNESCO World Heritage Site for its outstanding universal values and as one of the most important biological sites in the world with more than 4,500 species of flora and fauna.
8. Pacific Temperate Rainforest
Characterised by high rainfall and moderate temperature, Pacific Temperate Rainforest is notable for bearing three tallest trees in the world along with its other varied wild lives. It spans a large range of latitude and follows the retreat of the ice sheets. It contains both forest and the ocean so the wildlife found in this territory depends upon both the tropical rain forest and forest streams.
9. Valdivian Temperate Rainforest
This forest area is found on the west coast of southern South America and is a temperate broad-leaf and mixed-forest eco-region. It is characterised by dense bamboos, ferns, evergreen angiosperm trees, deciduous and coniferous trees. The city of Valdivian is the reason behind the name of the forest and is strongly influenced by the Westerlies.
10. Congo Rainforest
The Congo Rainforest covers a quarter of the world’s remaining tropical forest. It is next to Amazon, spreading across an area of 700,000 square miles and is home to elephants, large chimp species and gorillas, and many endemic species, including the Bonobo. The forest is also an essential part of both local and global climate and supports many ethnic groups and villages.