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London has always been a famous tourist destination with amazing sites and activities inviting almost 30 million international tourists each year. The beautiful city has all provisions from communications to lodging for the comfort of its visitors. From museums, theatres, to entertainment centres, London is a perfect place for vacations. Since maximum of the sites are under the Department for Culture, Media and Sport one need not pay visiting charges. Even London markets offers lots many things such as fine food, vintage fashion, art and craft etc. Here we will discuss the top ten places to be visited while in London.
1. London Eye
135 metre tall with a diameter of 120 metres, the London Eye is the tallest Ferris wheel in Europe situated on the southern bank of the River Thames in between Westminster Bridge and Hungerford Bridge. It is the popular paid tourist attraction in United Kingdom and is visited by almost 3.5 million people annually. It was erected in 1999 and was officially called the British Airways London Eye and then the Merlin Entertainments London Eye. Since 20 January 2011, its official name is the EDF Energy London Eye and it has 32 air conditioned capsules each accommodating around 25 people. It is the world’s highest observatory wheel.
2. Madame Tussauds Wax Museum
Founded by wax sculptor Marie Tussaud in 1835 and was formerly known as “Madame Tussaud’s”, Madame Tussauds Wax Museum is a famous wax museum displaying wax works of historical and royal figures, film stars, sports stars and infamous personalities. One of the major attractions of the museum is the “Chamber of fear” which exhibits victims of French Revolution and other famous criminals. It has expanded and will expand with branches in Amsterdam, Bangkok, Berlin, Blackpool, Dubai, Hollywood, Hong Kong, Jakarta, New York City, Shanghai, Sydney, Vienna and Washington, D.C.
3. National Gallery
The National Gallery is an art museum on Trafalgar Square, London which was founded in 1824. Since mid 13th century to 1900, the gallery holds around 2,300 paintings. It is an exempt charity, and a non-departmental public body of the Department for Culture, Media and Sport. Today it is one of the famous visiting sites in London.
4. The Tower of London
Also known as Her Majesty’s Royal Palace and Fortress, The Tower of London is a historic castle located on the north bank of the River Thames in central London. Though it was a royal residence, the building has serving as a lockup since 1100. Constructed by William the Conqueror in 1078, The Tower of London played a vital role in the English History.
5. British Museum
The British Museum of London is one of the biggest museums of human history and culture in the world. It has around 8 million collections from various parts of the earth from pre historic to modern times. The British Museum was established in 1753 and was made public on 15 January 1759. In the last few years the museum has witnessed more than 6,049,000 sightseers. Rosetta stone, the Parthenon sculptures, and the mummies in the Ancient Egypt collection are worth a watch.
6. National Maritime Museum
The National Maritime Museum is a leading maritime museum established in 1937.the Greenwich located museum is basically associated with the history of Britain in sea, scientific and navigational instruments and time – keeping and astronomy related machines and observatories. It also houses the world’s prime maritime historical reference library counting books from 15th century. National Maritime Museum gets to see almost 2,367,904 tourists annually.
7. Science Museum
One of the three popular museums on Exhibition Road, London, the Science Museum is a famous tourism attraction. It is the part of the National Museum of Science and Industry and is recognised since 1857. Including prominent pieces such as Stephenson’s Rocket, Puffing Billy ,the first jet engine, a reconstruction of Francis Crick and James Watson’s model of DNA, some of the earliest remaining steam engines, a working example of Charles Babbage’s Difference engine , the first prototype of the 10,000-year Clock of the Long Now, and documentation of the first typewriter, the museum today has about 300,000 items.
8. The Natural History Museum
Like the Science Museum even the Natural History Museum is situated on Exhibition Road, London and was built in 1881. Under five main collections: Botany, Entomology, Mineralogy, Palaeontology and Zoology, the Natural History Museum is a home to life and earth science specimens with some 70 million items. The museum also has collections of books, journals, manuscripts and artworks of historic and scientific value related to the research and scientific department. The institute is chiefly well known for its exhibition of dinosaur skeletons, and ornate architecture. Every year above 4,105,106 people visits this famous museum.
9. Tate Modern
Located on the banks of the Thames is Tate Modern, Britain’s national museum of modern and contemporary art dating from 1900 to present. It is the maximum visited modern art gallery with approximately 4.7 million visitors per year. Its distinctive form is due to its previously being a power station.
10. Victoria and Albert Museum
The world’s largest decorative art and design museum is the Victoria and Albert Museum located in Kensington and established in 1852. Named after Prince Albert and Queen Victoria, the museum has around 4.5 million amazing objects. Its gathering covers 5,000 years of art, from ancient times to the present day, especially from Europe, North America, Asia and North Africa. Victoria and Albert Museum also possess world class collections from Italian Renaissance and annually more or less 2,269,880 sight lovers appreciate it.