An illogical or irrational fear of certain things are known as Phobia, is the most common psychiatric illness among women and the second most common among men. There are numerous factors that may arise Phobia like due to heavy lightning, storms of water, from animals like snakes and spiders. Phobias typically emerge during childhood or adolescence and sometimes continue into adulthood. These fears may cause anxiety disorders that arise because of a constant object or situation. These anxieties are treatable with cognitive and behavioral therapy techniques.
Top 10 most common phobias:
1. Ophidiophobia: Fear of Snakes
People who are suffering from Ophidiophobia, have different ways to react because each person has its own way of thinking. Ophidiophobia is the second most common phobias present in the world. Symptoms can be psychological; for instance, obsessive thinking about snakes or the dangers caused by snakes. This may then cause fainting, loss of control, panic attack and so on.
2. Arachnophobia: Fear of Spiders
People with arachnophobia feel uncomfortable at any place if the person who is suffering from arachnophobia feels the presence of a spider or even just see a sign of its web. This phobia is quite common, affecting as many as 1 in 3 women and 1 in 4 men. Symptoms include screaming, breathlessness or excessive sweating.
3. Acrophobia: Fear of Heights
Acrophobia refers to the fear of heights. Approximately 23 million adults are suffering from this disease. This fear can lead to anxiety attacks and avoidance of high places. People who suffer from this problem avoid high places such as tall buildings or towers.
4. Agoraphobia: The Fear of Situations in which Escape is Difficult
This phobia involves a fear of being alone in a situation or place where escape may be difficult. This type of phobia may include the fear of crowded areas, open spaces or even standing in a line at stores. This fear can be so intense, that many affected individuals refuse to leave their homes. The disorder often begins as a spontaneous and unexpected panic attack, which then leads to anxiety over the possibility of another attack happening.
5. Astraphobia: Fear of Lightning and Thunder
Astraphobia is a fear of thunder and lightning. People with this disease experience overwhelming feelings of fear when they encounter such weather-related phenomena. Symptoms of astraphobia include shaking, rapid heart rate and panic attack.
6. Trypanophobia: Fear of Injections
A condition that can sometimes cause people to avoid medical treatments and doctors, as the patient is scared of the injections. When people suffer from this phobia sees an injection, they may experience feelings of extreme dread and elevated heart rate.
7.Social Phobia: Social Anxiety Disorder
Social Phobia involves the fear of social situations and can be quite debilitating. The most common form of social phobia is a fear of public speaking. Sometimes, people avoid social situations including school and work, which can have a major impact on the individual’s well-being and ability to function. Symptoms include self- consciousness, nervousness, shyness in front of others and sweaty palms.
8. Mysophobia: Fear of Germs
People to engage in extreme cleaning, compulsive hand- washing and even avoidance of things of situations perceived as dirty. Mysophobia is the excessive disorder to fear of germs and dirt. People with this phobia may also avoid areas where germs are more likely to be present.
9. Cynophobia: Fear of Dogs
Persons suffering from this phobia are always ready to avoid or passing by a dog. This particular phobia can be quite common. Some people might just fear from a certain breed of dogs. Common Symptoms includes freezing in terror or running away.
10. Aerophobia: Fear of Flying
Around 1 out of every 3 people has some level of fear of flying. Common symptoms associated with this phobia include trembling, rapid heartbeat and feeling disoriented. This disease is often treated by using exposure therapy.